The AU offers exciting opportunities to get involved in determining continental policies and implementing development programmes that impact the lives of African citizens everywhere. The decision to re-launch Africa’s pan-African organisation was the outcome of a consensus by African leaders that in order to realise Africa’s potential, there was a need to refocus attention from the fight for decolonisation and ridding the continent of apartheid, which had been the focus of the OAU, towards increased cooperation and integration of African states to drive Africa’s growth and economic development. The African Union (AU) is a continental body consisting of the 55 member states that make up the countries of the African Continent. The Commissioner for Peace and Security highlighted the commitment of the OAU/AU to the denuclearization of the African continent, expressing the AU’s hope that the work of the African Commission on Nuclear Energy (ACNE) will help widen the nuclear-weapons-free zone to include other regions, such as the Middle East. The Organization of African Unity (OAU) was established on 25 May 1963, at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and the Charter of the OAU was signed on that occasion by the heads of state and government of 32 African states. Phone: (251) 11 551 77 00 On 18-19 May, the African Commission on Nuclear Energy (AFCONE) held its fifth Ordinary Session at the African Union (AU) Headquarters, in Addis Ababa. The Durban Summit (2002) launched the AU and convened the First Assembly of Heads of States of the African Union. A Constitutive Act, which provided for the establishment of the African Union, was ratified by two-thirds of the OAU’s members and came into force on … The Eighth Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union was held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on 22-30 January. P.O. During the Summit issues regarding nonproliferation, disarmament, or arms control were not discussed. Mr. Paul Kagame, President of the Republic of Rwanda, was appointed to lead the AU institutional reforms process. AU/15(II), “Decision on Terrorism in Africa” expresses concerns over the increasing threat posed by international terrorism. 55 States (September 2018) – Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau. As President, can you change the game? The African Union is an alliance of states of currently 53 countries mainly located … On 25 May, the African Union established the Peace and Security Council in order to work toward conflict prevention, management and resolution. AU Peace and Security Commissioner Smaïl Chergui delivered a statement, emphasizing the important role of AFCONE in the implementation of the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty. It is the strategic framework for delivering on Africa’s goal for inclusive and sustainable development and is a concrete manifestation of the pan-African drive for unity, self-determination, freedom, progress and collective prosperity pursued under Pan-Africanism and African Renaissance. To promote international cooperation, having due regard to the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Assembly appointed the Republic of Ghana to the Chairmanship of the African Union for 2007. Additional participants included representatives from the African Regional Cooperation Agreement for Research, Development and Training related to Nuclear Science and Technology (AFRA), IAEA, the CTBTO, as well as the EU and the UN. The Assembly decided to intensify efforts to push for reform of the UN Security Council. History: State Parties also decided on the headquarters and membership of the ACNE. The African Union (AU) is the most important association of African countries. Play the new NTI game "Hair Trigger" to learn more. P.O. From 19-27 May, the AU held its 21st Summit at the AU headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. According to the act, the establishment of the AU would be completed upon the deposit of the 36th instrument of ratification of the Constitutive Act of the African Union and would enter into force 30 days after the deposit of the instruments of ratification by two-thirds of the Member States of the OAU. The African Union was established to promote the unity and solidarity of African countries, defend state sovereignty, eradicate colonialism, promote international cooperation, and coordinate and harmonize Member States’ policies. The session focused mainly on issues outside of the nonproliferation sector. With the assistance of the AU Commission, the Session will finalize the documents necessary to begin ACNE programs within coming weeks. A further 21 members joined gradually, reaching a total of 53 by the time of the AU’s creation in 2002. List of Members of the African Union. The Constitutive Act provided for the establishment of the AU to achieve greater unity and solidarity between the African countries and the peoples of Africa; defend the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and independence of its Member States; accelerate the political and socio-economic integration of the continent; and promote peace, security, and stability on the continent. Promoting Africa’s growth and economic development by championing citizen inclusion and increased cooperation and integration of African states. Mugabe was recently elected as vice-chair to the AU’s executive Council but remains on the EU travel ban list. As the successor to the Organisation of African Unity, founded in 1963, its membership was inherited from that body. Over 35 Heads of State and Government from across Africa attended the 3-day Summit. At the July Summit in Lusaka, Zambia, the OAU members endorsed a plan to transform the OAU into the AU the following year. On 4 May the First Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Nuclear Energy (ACNE) was held in Addis Ababa. The Seventh Extraordinary Session of the Executive Council was held on 7-8 March in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. From 9-16 July, the African Union held its 19th Summit of the Heads of State and Government of the African Union in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia under the theme “Boosting Intra-African Trade”. On 9 July the Republic of Southern Sudan became an independent state and automatically entered the African Union as the 54th member state. On 4 February, the AU withdrew from a trade and investment summit with the EU that was held in Belgium in April if Robert Mugabe, the President of Zimbabwe, was not invited. The Tenth Ordinary Session of the Assembly convened from 31 January to 2 February. Accelerating integration and economic development through the establishment of organisations which will play a pivotal role in the mobilization of resources and management of the African financial sector. Nuclear weapons are on hair-trigger alert, ready to be fired at a moment’s notice. The Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and the African Peer Review Mechanism are also key bodies that that constitute the structure of the African Union. He appointed a pan-African committee of experts to review and submit proposals for a system of governance for the AU that would ensure the organisation was better placed to address the challenges facing the continent with the aim of implementing programmes that have the highest impact on Africa’s growth and development so as to deliver on the vision of Agenda 2063. H.E. The main objectives of the OAU were to rid the continent of the remaining vestiges of colonisation and apartheid; to promote unity and solidarity amongst African States; to coordinate and intensify cooperation for development; to safeguard the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Member States and to promote international cooperation. Ending all wars, civil conflicts, gender-based violence, violent conflicts and preventing genocide in the continent by 2020. Musikari Kombo of Kenya, and Permanent Representative of the African Union H.E Ambassador Ajay K Bramdeo, with ACP Secretary General Dr Mohamed Ibn Chambas at a reception hosted by the African Union for African Members of Parliament ion the occasion of … The 12 countries selected to be members of ACNE were: Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Mauritius, Senegal, South Africa, Togo and Tunisia. On 21 January the 16th Summit of the African Union Heads of State and Government opened in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia under the theme “Towards Greater Unity and Integration Through Shared Values.” The Assembly expressed deep concern over recent acts of terrorism across the continent, and welcomed steps taken to address the threat of terrorist attacks, including the appointment of Francisco Madeira as the AU Special Representative for Counter-Terrorism Cooperation, AU decisions on the prohibition of ransom payments to terrorist groups, and a meeting of experts from AU member states on 15-16 December 2010 to consider and adopt the draft African Model Law on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism. The assembly made decisions relating to the ‘operationalization’ of the protocol relating to the establishment of a Peace and Security Council. From 29-30 January, the African Union held its 18th Ordinary Session of Assembly in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Opening remarks were made by Mu'ammer al-Qaddafi, the president of Libya. On May 25 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the 32 African states that had achieved independence at that time agreed to establish the Organization of African Unity (OAU). On 23-31 January, the African Union held its 24th Ordinary Session of Assembly in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. SOURCE: Africa Medical Supplies Platform. Six (6) new Board Members of the African Union Advisory Board on Corruption have been appointed following their election by the African Union Executive Council ministerial meeting on the 4th of February 2021. Another meeting will be held in the next 6 months to establish the ACNE budget, structure and activities. OAU Convention on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism, Decision on the African Defense and Security Policy, Decision on the Elaboration of a Code of Conduct on Terrorism, protocol relating to the establishment of the Peace and Security Council. At the OAU Summit in Lome, 27 African countries signed the Constitutive Act of the AU. On May 25 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the 32 African states that had achieved independence at that time agreed to establish the Organization of African Unity (OAU). African Union member states that wish to secure funding should approach the African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank) through their Central Banks, as has been the case with the other vaccines that have been on offer. African Union Membership . An Integrated, Prosperous and Peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena. Ensure the effective participation of women in decision-making, particularly in the political, economic and socio-cultural areas; Develop and promote common policies on trade, defence and foreign relations to ensure the defence of the Continent and the strengthening of its negotiating positions; Invite and encourage the full participation of the African Diaspora as an important part of our Continent, in the building of the African Union. Work with relevant international partners in the eradication of preventable diseases and the promotion of good health on the continent. African Union member states synonyms, African Union member states pronunciation, African Union member states translation, English dictionary definition of African Union member states. Both France and the Russian Federation were in attendance, in addition to all of the African States Parties and various regional and international organizations. In structure, the OAU began as one entity, whereas the AU, integrating itself with the African Economic Community and building other structures, consists of: the Assembly (determines common policies); the Executive Council (coordinates and makes decisions on common policies); the Pan-African Parliament (implements policies); the Court of Justice (ensures compliance with the law); the Commission (the secretariat); the Permanent Representatives Committee (assists the Executive Council); the Specialized Technical Committees (assist the Executive Council in substantive matters); the Economic, Social and Cultural Council; the Peace and Security Council (makes decisions on prevention, management and resolution of conflicts); and the Financial Institutions (consisting of the African Central Bank, the African Monetary Fund, and the African Investment Bank). This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. The AU mandated the Council of Ministers to take the necessary measures to ensure the implementation of decisions and, in particular, to prepare the constitutive legal text of the Union, taking into account the Charter of the OAU and the Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community. No issues related to disarmament or nonproliferation were discussed. It was officially launched in 2002 as a successor to the Organisation of African Unity (OAU, 1963-1999). Uganda hosted the 15th Summit of the African Union Heads of State and Government on 19-27 July in Kampala. The African Union is composed of fifty-two republics and three monarchies. The AU reduced its budget for 2019 by 12% from what it was in 2018 and discussed issues of corruption and security. Box 3243 The African Union, or AU, includes every independent African country except Morocco.Additionally, the African Union recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which is a portion of Western Sahara; this recognition by the AU caused Morocco to resign. The Eleventh African Union Summit, including the Eleventh Ordinary Session of the Assembly, the Sixteenth Ordinary Session of the Permanent Representatives Committee and the Thirteenth Ordinary Session of the Executive Council was held in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, from 24 June to 1 July. The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa.The AU was announced in the Sirte Declaration in Sirte, Libya, on 9 September 1999, calling for the establishment of the African Union.The bloc was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and … Solemn Declaration on a Common African Defense and Security Policy. Today, all the internationally recognised countries of Africa are members of the AU , including the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara). A further 21 members joined gradually, reaching a total of 53 by the time of the AU’s creation in 2002. AU Heads of State and Government decided to take measures to “develop new and renewable energy resources in order to provide clean, reliable, affordable and environmentally friendly energy as well as nuclear energy for peaceful purposes in order to sustainably meet Africa’s long-term energy needs.”. On 07-15 June, the African Union held the 25th Ordinary Session of Assembly in Johannesburg, South Africa. From 21 to 28 January, the African Union held its 20th Summit of Heads of State and Governments in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, under the theme of “Pan-Africanism and African Renaissance.” No issues related to nonproliferation or arms control were discussed. African Union Member State names Unless otherwise noted, the full names on the left are as listed in the African Union (AU) Constitutive Act of 2000, plus the Republic of … [27]] African Union ‘Explanatory Notes on the Libyan Proposals for Amendment of the Constitutive Act of the African Union’, Proposed Amendments to Articles of the Constitutive Act of the African Union, (proposed by the Great Socialist Peoples’ Libyan Arab Jamahiriya), AHG/238(XXXVIII) provide that ‘It is quite obvious that a Member State can always withdraw … At the end of its deliberations, among other things, a consensus appeared to have emerged on a number of key aspects of the protocol, namely on the need to establish a Peace and Security Council with the ability to take quick action with regard to the conflicts in parts of the continent. It also appealed to non-African States to sign and ratify the relevant Protocols to the Treaty of Pelindaba, to comply with all the commitments contained therein, and to refrain from any action that could undermine their objectives. The 55 member states are grouped into five regions, with the African Diaspora, structured as the State of the African Diaspora, and known as the 6th Region . Established under the provisions of Articles 5 and 22 of the African Union’s Constitutive Act, ECOSOCC is the vehicle for building a strong partnership between governments and all segments of African civil society. From 10-11 February, the African Union held its 32nd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union in Ethiopia. The detailed declaration defines the concepts of defense and security, lays out common security threats, and states the objectives and goals of a common defense and security policy. The Assembly also expressed support for the First Conference of State Parties to the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone held in Addis Ababa on November 4, 2010. African Union member states will from this month start using digital Covid-19 certificates as one way of eliminating travel restrictions that were occasioned by the outbreak of coronavirus. The African Union (AU) is the most important association of African countries. Member states that had not signed or ratified the protocol were urged to do so. On 9 July 2011, South Sudan became the 54th African Union (AU) member. Website: www.au.int/en. Box 3243, Roosvelt Street W21K19 The AU is also working towards the establishment of continental financial institutions (The African Central Bank, The African Investment Bank and the African Monetary Fund). The assembly congratulated the 10 countries elected to the Peace and Security Council for a two-year term. The AU structure promotes participation of African citizens and civil society through the Pan-African Parliament and the Economic, Social & Cultural Council (ECOSOCC). What Is The African Union? Generating an estimated 43,200MW of power to support current regional power pools and their combined service to transform Africa from traditional to modern sources of energy and ensure access to clean and affordable electricity. On 30 January, Morocco rejoined the African Union after a 30-year absence, making it the 55th AU member State. African Union member states will from this month start using digital Covid-19 certificates as one way of eliminating travel restrictions that were occassioned by outbreak of coronavirus. Resolutions were made affecting the Peace and Security Council; calling for greater emphasis on conflict prevention and ensuring implementation of the Continental Peace and Security Framework. Transforming Africa from a raw materials supplier by enabling countries to add value, extract higher rents from commodities, integrate into global value chains promote diversification anchored in value addition and local content development. All member states comprise a total area of 29.25 million km² and about 1.27 billion people. Decisions were issued on the Draft Protocol to the OAU Convention on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism, on the African Centre for Studies and Research on Terrorism, on an African Common Position on Anti-Personnel Landmines, and on the crises in Sudan, Burundi, Equatorial Guinea, the Ethiopia-Eritrea Peace Process, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Peace and Security Council is a collective decision-making organ and warning arrangement for the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts. During the session, participants discussed the implementation of AFCONE’s program of work, including States Parties’ compliance with their Treaty obligations, nuclear and radiation safety and security, peaceful applications of nuclear sciences and technology, as well as partnerships and technical cooperation. The Lome Summit (2000) adopted the Constitutive Act of the African Union, which specifies the objectives, principles, and organs of the AU. Kenya, the Kingdom of Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Kingdom of Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The conference focused on the implementation of the African Commission on Nuclear Energy (AFCONE) agenda as well as the operationalization of the AFCONE Secretariat, hearing a comprehensive report on AFCONE’s activities concerning monitoring, safety, and nuclear applications. Agenda 2063 calls for greater collaboration and support for African led initiatives to ensure the achievement of the aspirations of African people. The Sixth Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union was held in Khartoum, Sudan on 23-24 January. Suite 600 From 25 June – 2 July, the African Union held its 31st Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union in Mauritania. The Conference called upon AU Member States that have not yet done so to sign and ratify the Treaty of Pelindaba without further delay. The chairperson of the African Union Commission, H.E. Ethiopia The Organization was established to promote the unity and solidarity of African countries, to defend the sovereignty of members, to eradicate all forms of colonialism, to promote international cooperation with due regard for the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and to coordinate and harmonize Member States’ economic, diplomatic, educational, health, welfare, scientific, and defense policies. Since 1999, three summits have been held to facilitate the implementation of the African Union (AU). A 12-member parliamentary delegation of the African Union arrived in Pakistan on a week-long official visit Tuesday, a statement said. 25 May 1963 - On 26 May 2001, the Organization of African Unity (OAU) was legally transformed into the African Union (AU). One of the most widely publicized outcomes of the summit was the Assembly’s decision not to cooperate with the International Criminal Court’s arrest warrant for Libyan President Muammar Qadhafi. The AU is guided by its vision of “An Integrated, Prosperous and Peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena.”. The African Union succeeded the old Organization for African Unity (OAU) in 2002. AU members do not have an integrated economic system, union-wide laws, or shared foreign policy, though further integration is a goal for the future. It was officially launched in 2002 as a successor to the Organisation of African Unity (OAU, 1963-1999). The 13th African Union Summit, including the 13th Ordinary Session of the Assembly, took place from 24 June to 3 July in Sirte, Libya. Accelerating intra-African trade and boosting Africa’s trading position in the global market by strengthening Africa’s common voice and policy space in global trade negotiations. The African Union was to be more economic in nature, similar to the European Union, and would contain a central bank, a court of justice, and an all-Africa parliament. The Assembly called on all states that had not yet done so to sign and ratify the Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty (the Pelindaba Treaty) and all concerned non-African states to sign and ratify the protocols to the treaty. At present, three sovereign monarchies are members of the African Union: Eswatini (ruled by King Mswati III, with Ntombi), Lesotho (ruled by King Letsie III), and Morocco (ruled by King Mohammed VI of Morocco). Connecting African capitals and commercial centers through a High-Speed Train Network; facilitating the movement of goods, factor services and people as well as reducing transport costs and relieving congestion of current and future systems through increased rail connectivity. One part of that integration is the now-active African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) , which aims to increase and streamline trade between African countries. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia This is 19.4% of the habitable area around the world and 16% of the … Additionally, the African Union recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which is a portion of Western Sahara; this recognition by the AU caused Morocco to resign. The OAU was the manifestation of the pan-African vision for an Africa that was united, free and in control of its own destiny and this was solemnised in the OAU Charter in which the founding fathers recognised that freedom, equality, justice and dignity were essential objectives for the achievement of the legitimate aspirations of the African peoples and that there was a need to promote understanding among Africa’s peoples and foster cooperation among African states in response to the aspirations of Africans for brother-hood and solidarity, in a larger unity transcending ethnic and national Differences. Currently, the AU has 55 member states. Established under the provisions of Articles 5 and 22 of the African Union’s Constitutive Act, ECOSOCC is the vehicle for building a strong partnership between governments and all segments of African civil society. On 4 November, the African Union Commission convened the First Conference of State Parties to the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty at the AU Headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A further 21 members joined gradually, reaching a total of 53 by the time of the AU’s creation in 2002. Achieve greater unity and solidarity between African countries and their the people. During the two day summit issues regarding nonproliferation, disarmament or arms control were not discussed. The theme was “Meeting the Millennium Development Goals on Water and Sanitation." On 09-18 July, the African Union held its 27th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union in Kigali Rwanda. 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