Adolph Malan known as 'Sailor Malan' was a South African RAF pilot in World War 2. Malan flew Spifires, shooting down two Heinkel 111's in bright moonlight on the evening of 19th 20th June 1940, an impressive feat at the time. No. ‘Sailor’ Malan’s 10 Rules of Air Fighting Adolph G. Malan 24 March 1910 – 17 September 1963. 'Sailor' Malan’s 10 Rules of Air Fighting Adolph G. Malan 24 March 1910 – 17 September 1963 The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command. Sailor Malan’s Ten Rules were … 11 August 1940 became known as ‘Sailor's August the Eleventh’. Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. Much has been written on Sailor Malan as a Fighter Ace, his rules for combat and his command of 74 Squadron during the Battle of Britain which played such a pivot role in winning the Battle (see ‘Ten of my rules for air fighting’ – Sailor Malan) . 74 Squadron was sent out to intercept a German raid near Dover, followed by another three raids, lasting all day. Most of the rules apply even today, more than 75 years after they were written. The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command.. Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. He also created his own '10 rules of air fighting' which proved so popular they appeared on nearly every mess wall during the Battle of Britain. 1. One such innovator was ace pilot Adolph Gysbert 'Sailor' Malan who changed the formation fighter pilots used when attacking the Luftwaffe. TEN OF MY RULES FOR AIR FIGHTING 1. By the age of 14 he was a sea cadet on the training ship General Botha hence the name Sailor. Like the Dicta Boelcke from the early days of World War I, Sailor Malan’s rules are at the very foundation of a fighter pilot’s training. 1. The Ten Rules. Sailor Malan developed 10 rules for fighter combat – rules that are still taught today: Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. What made him stand out was his understanding and application of fighter tactics, then using his leadership ability to throw out the old rule book (Fighting Area Attacks) and formally incorporate the hard won lessons of the Battle of Britain in to RAF fighter tactics. Fire short bursts of one to two seconds only when your sights are definitely "ON" By the end of it, Malan’s Squadron had claimed to have shot down 38 aircraft. After a lecture tour in America, Malan commanded the Central Gunnery School – where he was able to pass on his immense combat experience to fledgling fighter pilots and impress upon them his golden ’10 Rules of Air Fighting’. Sailor died in 1963 from Parkinson’s Disease. His combat record, promotions and decorations alone are simply astonishing. Prior to entering the Royal Air Force he had served aboard ships, hence the nickname. Sailor Malan wasn’t necessary the best shot and some other pilots had higher scores. The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command. TEN OF MY RULES FOR AIR FIGHTING. Then, on New Year’s Day 1943, Group Captain Malan was appointed Station Commander of his old base – Biggin Hill. Sailor Malan (Adolph Gysbert Malan) was born on the 3rd of October 1910 in Wellington, South Africa. Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. 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