943x969 / 458 Kb Go to Map. The North Sea is between Norway and Denmark in the east, Scotland and England in the west, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France in the south. The Bering Sea covers the surface area for over 2,000,000 square kilometers. They live directly to the south of the North Sea, and to the west of the East Sea (Oostzee, the Baltic Sea), the former South Sea (Zuiderzee, today's IJsselmeer) and the today reclaimed Middle Sea (Middelzee). Sea Distance Calculator, Transit Time, Port to port distances, Setup Vessel Speed in Nautical Miles, Custom Map Points, Date of Departure and Arrival. The low, offshore Frisian Islands stretch from Waddenzee in the Netherlands to southwestern Denmark. Sea Distance Calculator №2 (Works only with Mozilla FireFox browser) In the North, the North sea is open towards the Atlantic. About North Sea: The Facts: Area: 220,000 sq mi (570,000 sq km). Together with the English Channel in the south, the southern North Sea is the busiest body of water in the world. When you purchase our Nautical Charts App, you get all the great marine chart app features like fishing spots, along with North Sea Southern Sheet marine chart. It is connected to the Atlantic by the Strait of Dover and the English Channel and opens directly onto the ocean between the Orkney and Shetland islands and between the Shetland Islands and Norway. The Skagerrak connects the North Sea to the Baltic Sea. North Sea, shallow, northeastern arm of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the British Isles and the mainland of northwestern Europe and covering an area of 220,000 square miles (570,000 square km). In the south, the depth is at most 50 metres. Most of the oil fields are owned by the United Kingdom and Norway but some belong to Denmark, the Netherlands and Germany. Looking at the satellite picture it is easy to see the geographic divisions of the North Sea: The southern north sea is composed of the Southern Bight, before the coast of Belgium and the Netherlands and the German Bight before the coastline of Germany. The trenches very often are only a few kilometers in length. Weather; Sea Marks; Harbours; Tidal Scale; Sport In the south, depths measure less than 120 feet (35 metres); many shallow, shifting banks, presumably of glacial origin, have been reworked by tidal currents. The Marine Navigation App provides advanced features of a Marine Chartplotter including adjusting water level offset and custom depth shading. The mean depth of the sea … Scotland’s east coast also is composed of uplands—although it is less broken—and the resistant rocks continue south into England. In the vicinity of Flamborough Head in northeastern England, the cliffs are lower, and their less-resistant clays are subject to extensive erosion. The border between the two is an imagined line from Northern Scotland, to Shetland, and then to Ålesund in Norway. North Sea overview. In England, surges up the Thames estuary have also affected surrounding lowlands and, prior to the construction of the Thames Barrier, once posed a threat to London itself. Its waters have protected the British Isles from invasion from the Continent for more than a thousand years, yet the North Sea also has served as a springboard for the growth of the overseas empires of the countries bordering it. The North Sea Canal runs from the IJmuiden locks to the Coenhaven. Winters are stormy and gales are frequent. North Sea is a classic yacht builder in the boating world. in extreme length (from n. to s.), about 400 m, in greatest breadth, and has an area of not less than … the northern North Sea, with the Norwegian Trench, near the Skagerrak. The North Sea region is bordered by a number of strong economies: France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Norway (non-EU member but a member of the European Economic Area) and the United Kingdom (England and Scotland) (non-EU member), and is one of the most heavily used seas with extensive shipping, fishing, energy (hydrocarbon and offshore wind), aggregate extraction, defence, re… The North Sea is an important resource shared by many nations with a wide range of potentially conflicting activities. 1771x1939 / 1,81 Mb Go to Map. The sea reaches a maximum depth of about 13,020 feet (3,970 m), and it maintains a salinity of about 35 parts per 1,000. The sea is bordered by the island of Great Britain to the southwest and west, the Orkney and Shetland islands to the northwest, Norway to the northeast, Denmark to the east, Germany and the Netherlands to the southeast, and Belgium and France to the south. NOT TO BE USED FOR NAVIGATION. Mediterranean Sea … Most of the southern and southeastern coast is straight and sandy. About 80 million people live near the North Sea, at most 150 km away from the coast. In July, coastal water temperatures from the Strait of Dover to Denmark exceed 59 °F (15 °C), while in the Orkney-Shetland region they reach only 54 °F (12 °C). These trenches may have been formed at the time of the last glaciation, when parts of the North Sea were free of ice, and rivers coming off the mainland could have eroded deep channels in the basin floor. The Aral Sea (Kazakh: Арал Теңізі (Aral Tengizi), Uzbek: Orol dengizi, Russian: Аральскοе мοре) is a lake in Central Asia.It is between Kazakhstan in the north and Karakalpakstan, an autonomous region of Uzbekistan, in the south.. Since the 1960s, the Aral Sea shrank. In the following 4.000 years sea level rose more than 40m and the North Sea was formed. Drilling began in the 1960s and led to a famous argument between England and Scotland about how the revenue (money) from the oil should be spent. Sea Distance Calculator №1. Emeritus Professor of Geography, University of Rhode Island, Kingston. This sea is bordered on east and northeast by Alaska, on the west by Russian Far East and the Kamchatka Peninsula, on the south by the Alaska Peninsula and the Aleutian Islands and on the far north by the Bering Strait. YachtWorld currently has 4 North Sea yachts for sale, including 0 new vessels and 4 used yachts, listed by experienced dealerships mainly in the following countries: United Kingdom, Spain and Italy. Third consecutive podium finish for Max Koebolt. It consists of 17 horizontal wells, of which 10 are currently in production and produced through two unmanned platforms - PN and PG, in ~45m water depth. Generally, the water is about 90 meters deep there. Media related to North Sea at Wikimedia Commons, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=North_Sea&oldid=7085795, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. As a central hub in Europe, multimodality and a wide variety of types of goods are our chief concerns. In these trenches, the depth increases to up to 230 meters. That is at the parallel of the Geirangerfjord in Norway. People have been fishing in the North Sea for thousands of years. However, i can not find any of the answers i am looking for. There is a marked difference between the rugged upland coasts of the north and the regular lowland coasts of the south. On average, the North Sea has a depth of only 94 meters. In the last ice age the North Sea was covered by large areas of ice called glaciers. Omissions? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The glaciated mountain coastline of Norway north of Stavanger is broken by fjords, headlands, and an offshore fringe of thousands of rocks and islands. The North Sea is the coldest sea in the world. In 1953 a storm surge of nearly 11 feet (3.4 metres) above the mean high-water level inundated large areas of the delta region of the Netherlands. The Dogger Bank covers an area about half the size of the Netherlands. Updates? Also, most of the waters of the Baltic Sea flow northwards here. Nord See), that arm of the Atlantic ocean which separates the British islands on the w. from the continent on the cast. Its name comes from its relationship to the land of the Frisians (see Frisia). On average, the North Sea has a depth of only 94 meters. Average air temperatures vary in January from 32 to 40 °F (0 to 4 °C) and in July from 55 to 64 °F (13 to 18 °C). North Sea physical map. Careers. DISTANCE CALCULATOR 2 VOYAGE PLANNER. In the southern part, there are many sand banks. The Waddenzee runs all the way from Den Helder in the Netherlands to Esbjerg in Denmark. Terns, Atlantic puffins, razorbills, kittiwakes and other seabirds live on the North Sea coast. The maximum depth is 700 meters (2,300 feet) and average depth is 95 meters (312 feet) below the sea’s surface. In the 1960s, geologists found large areas of oil and natural gas under the North Sea. The extent of the North Sea and the level of its water surface have varied considerably over geologic time. About 80 million people live near the North Sea, at most 150 km away from the coast. sea routes weather routing voyage planning vessels ships ports shipyards bunker consumption tide stations Calculate distances - nautical miles or kilometers for seagoing ships and vessels. The floor dips to the north and is generally irregular. This is called the Dover Straits and is very busy with ships. At the time of the greatest advance, the ice covered all of the North Sea from a line joining the Thames estuary with the Dutch coast. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. It is between 15 and 20 miles (20 to 30 km) wide and is some 1,000 feet (300 metres) deep in the vicinity of Bergen, reaching a maximum depth of about 2,300 feet (700 metres) in the Skagerrak. The present coastlines of the North Sea were probably not established until some 3,000 years ago. The Norwegian Trench has an average depth of around 250 to 300 metres; at the entrance to the Skagerrak, the depth increases up to 725 meters. Because of its long coastline and the rivers emptying into it, it has been readily accessible to many areas, providing highways of commerce and of conquest. Few parts of the North Sea are more than 300 feet (90 metres) in depth. The North Sea, the Baltic Sea, and the English Channel. Fishing spots and depth … About 20,000 years ago the ice melted and the North Sea was formed (made). Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. About 200 km east of the Scottish city of Dundee there are more trenches, known collectively as the Devil's hole. International sea traffic uses it to connect between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, thus saving hundreds of miles of additional travel time around Denmark, and the related high costs of transportation. Colder, less-saline waters come from the Baltic Sea through the Skagerrak, creating a counterclockwise circulation in the basin. This name was commonly used in English and other languages along with the name North Sea, until the early eighteenth century. Bluepages. SPA-FRANCORCHAMPS –For the third consecutive race weekend, Dutch driver Max Koebolt scored a podium finish in the GT4 European Series in his by North Sea Lubricants sponsored BMW M4 GT4. At the end of the English Channel, this depth increases to about 100 meters. In the Dover Strait the water is about 30 meters deep. British Oceanographic Data Centre Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Kiel Canal, one of the world's busiest artificial waterways, connects the North Sea with the Baltic. The final retreat of the glaciers took place about 8,000 years ago; some centuries later, as its level continued to rise, the expanding sea broke across the land bridge that, until then, had linked Britain with France, and the waters of the North Sea joined with those of the English Channel. I am doing a research on the north sea. In the north in the bathyal zone north of Shetland, this depth increases to between 100 and 200 metres. Our Partnerships North Sea Systems and The Sustainable Energy Research Group at the University of Southampton continue to work together to develop the … We can compare the average and the maximum depth in other enclosed seas to give some evidence: Baltic Sea ( 55 and 421 m respectively), North Sea (94 and 660 m), Black Sea (1,240 and 2,245 m) and Red Sea (491 and 3,040 m). Unauthorised reproduction strictly prohibited - Terms & Conditions. The North Sea is a sea that is part of the Atlantic Ocean in northern Europe. Max. From the Mercuriushaven up to the Passenger Terminal Amsterdam, the depth is 11 metres below NAP. On average, the North Sea has a depth of only 94 meters. During the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago), ice sheets advanced and retreated several times and deposited a thick layer of clay on the seafloor. Colin the Coastguard. The ultimate aim of the North Sea Project was to develop computer based models. It is deepest there, with a depth of 725 metres. Harbourguides is the web's leading … Where is the Puerto Rico Trench? Corrections? In the south, depths measure less than 120 feet (35 metres); many shallow, shifting banks, presumably of glacial origin, have been reworked by tidal currents. However, so many fish are now caught there that new ones may not be able to grow fast enough to keep the fishery going. VAR 3.5°5'E (2015) ANNUAL DECREASE 8' Edit. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. With some storms there are even waves breaking there. The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Western and Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant.Although the sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic … For the most part, the sea lies on the European continental shelf.The only exception is the Norwegian trench, which reaches from the Stad peninsula in Sogn og Fjordane to the … The North Sea is a shallow shelf sea adjacent to the North Atlantic with a mean depth of 80 m (the maximum water depth in the Norwegian Trench is about 800 m) (see Figure 1).. Download : Download full-size image Figure 1. North Sea Chart. Large detailed map of North Sea with cities and towns. There, the North Sea has a depth of between 13 and 20 metres only. In the southern areas the North Sea's depth is less than 150 ft (50 m), but in the north it slopes down to about 600 ft (200 m). It also serves as a prominent shipping zone among European countries and between Europe and the Middle East. Together with the English Channel in the south, the southern North Sea is the busiest body of water in the world. Fishing spots and depth … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). But going to such extremes in search of food—most likely deep-sea squid—must be worth the time and energy, he says. About 12.000 years ago sea level was more 60m lower than today and large parts of the North Sea were dry land. Our industry expertise and in-house engineering capability is unparalleled, combining many years of project management with in-depth knowledge of the marine energy sector. Galleon is located in block 48/20 in the Southern North Sea, east of Clipper and west of Audrey (Sole Pit Area), in a water depth of 28m. Few parts of the North Sea are more than 300 feet (90 metres) in depth. The treaty puts it at 5° East longitude, and 62° North latitude. The Marine Navigation App provides advanced features of a Marine Chartplotter including adjusting water level offset and custom depth shading. Onboard Recipes. The most shallow part of it is a sand bank called Dogger Bank. On average, the North Sea haes a depth o nae mair nor 94 metres. Well-known rivers that drain into the North Sea include the Tay (at Dundee), the Forth (at Edinburgh), the Tyne (South Shields), the Wear (at Sunderland), the Tees (near Middlesbrough), the Elbe (at Cuxhaven), the Weser (at Bremerhaven), the Rhine and Meuse or Maas (at Rotterdam), the Scheldt (at Flushing or Vlissingen), the Thames, and the Humber (at Hull), and the river Nairn (at Nairn). Most of the North sea is on the European Continental shelf. By the late nineteenth century, German Sea was a rare, scholarly usage even in Germany. Together with the English Channel in the south, the southern North Sea is the busiest body of water in the world. Chalk cliffs of Flamborough Head on the North Sea, East Riding of Yorkshire, northern England. These present serious navigational hazards. In Danish the North Sea is also named Vesterhavet (besides Nordsøen), meaning Western Ocean because it is west of Denmark. Off northern England the vast moraine (glacial deposit of earth and stones) known as Dogger Bank is covered to depths of only about 50 to 100 feet (15 to 30 metres). At the end of the Pliocene Epoch (about 2.6 million years ago), the North Sea basin south of Dogger Bank was part of the European mainland, and the Rhine River—joined on its left bank by the Thames—emptied into the sea about 250 miles (400 km) north of present-day London. Tidal ranges average between 13 and 20 feet (4 and 6 metres) along the coasts of Britain and in the southern estuaries, while the range to the north and east is less than 10 feet (3 metres). In contrast, the waters deepen in the Norwegian Trench, an unusual depression that runs parallel to the coast of southern Norway from north of Bergen around to Oslo. Yachtsmans Free Bible. Cromarty harbour, northern Scotland, at the mouth of Cromarty Firth, an inlet (via Moray Firth) of the North Sea. It was the scene of early development of maritime trade. The use of hydrographic surveying to ensure safe navigation in the North Sea. Map with JOSM Remote; View. This story currently lies buried below the present sea floor and is not only of interest for geological and … About Us. The rivers that fed it (the Amu … Atlantic waters with salinities exceeding 35 parts per thousand enter the North Sea through the English Channel and between the Shetland Islands and Norway. Because of the low-lying nature of much of the southern coast, abnormal tides can be disastrous. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Some of its main cities, like Lübeck, Bremen or Hamburg had the same view. The deepest part of the sea is placed on the Matapan trench, in Greece. Average January temperatures of North Sea surface waters range from 35 °F (2 °C) to the east of Denmark to 46 °F (8 °C) between the Shetland Islands and Norway. The North Sea waters are affected by the warm North Atlantic Current, which moves northward along the western side of the British Isles and enters the Norwegian Sea. Crew. A submarine ridge linking Greenland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, and north Scotland separates the Norwegian Sea from the open Atlantic. Without the interchange of people, goods, and ideas made possible by the existence of the North Sea, the cultural development of northwestern Europe after the Middle Ages might have been greatly retarded. North Sea coasts, depth, coast, ocean, sand and atlantic NORTH SEA (Germanieum Mare; Ger. Large quantities of fresh water also enter through the Rhine, Thames, and other rivers. The border between the North Sea and the Skagerrak is at an imagined line between Lindesnes in Norway, and Hanstholm in Denmark. The North Sea has had a strong influence on European history. This means the submarine has to remain at periscope depth from the surface. Salinities generally range between 34 and 35 parts per thousand, with higher readings occurring off the coast of Great Britain and lower readings off Norway. A third aspect of economic importance has been the extensive reserves of petroleum and natural gas discovered beneath the seafloor. Depth: Maximum (seabed) Seabed: Biomass, Drill cuttings, Epifauna, Grain size, Habitat type, Infauna, Microbes, … The Skagerrak, an eastward extension of the North Sea between Norway and Denmark, connects the North and Baltic seas via the Kattegat and the Danish straits. In classical times this body of water was also called the Oceanum Germanicum or Mare Germanicum, meaning German Ocean or Sea. Contact. One of the fjords that extend inland from the North Sea along the mountainous coast of western Norway. North Sea political map. The seabed is separated into three bathymetric areas, the Norwegian Trench and the north and south North Sea separated by the Dogger Bank. The Dogger Bank is the limit between the southern and central parts. According to the Oslo-Paris Treaty of 1962 it is a bit more to the west and the north though. There also are some deep trenches in the western part of the North Sea, including Devils Hole off Edinburgh, where depths exceed 1,500 feet (450 metres), and Silver Pit, nearly 320 feet (95 metres) deep, off the bay of The Wash in England. Find out how deep your knowledge of oceans and seas goes with this quiz. 90% of the sea has gone. This page was last changed on 28 August 2020, at 10:13. In the south, the North Sea becomes the English Channel, a sea between England and France. 720x782 / 386 Kb Go to Map. Author of. Along the trench is the Norwegian Current, which brings most of the waters of the North Sea into the Atlantic Ocean. Many coastal areas are protected nature reserves. The floor dips to the north and is generally irregular. When you purchase our Nautical Charts App, you get all the great marine chart app features like fishing spots, along with North Sea Central Sheet marine chart. The North Sea has an average depth of 95 m (310 ft) and a maximum depth of 700 m (2300 ft). In the south it is very shallow, only 25 to 35 meters. 0 of course, at the beach level!!! Cut by the Arctic Circle, the sea is often associated with the Arctic Ocean … The average temperature in summer is 17°C (63°F) and 6°C (43°F) in … This is the location of one of the finest fishing areas in the sea. The North Sea has long been important as one of Europe’s most productive fisheries. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/North-Sea, Joint Nature Conservation Committee - North Sea, North Sea - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), North Sea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). What is the world’s largest inland sea? About 80 million people live near the North Sea, at most 150 km away from the coast. We calculate distances between ports and ports or ports and vessels Distance calculator for maritime industry online, worldwide and free of … Max Koebolt end up a great third place, after a difficult race at Spa … The area is very famous for fishing. L ife has a habit of turning on chance meetings.. For me, my fate flipped from Norfolk Pig Farmer to Professional Deep Sea Diver one morning in 1968. On average, the depth is about 93 to 94 meters only. It's a "spectacular" maximum dive depth, says Texas A&M's Davis. It is 700 in. BLUE PAGES Resources. Nautical Sayings. East of the Coenhaven, the waterway is called River IJ and continues up to the Oranjesluizen, the locks located in the eastern part of Amsterdam. Cocktails. Thegither wi the Inglis Channel tae the sooth, the soothren North Sea is the maist busy body ae watter in the yird. Rivers that drain into it. depth: 700 m (2,300 ft). What is the minimum depth? An exception to this is the Norwegian Trench. In the Fens area of East Anglia, the coast is low and marshy, as it is in the delta region of the Netherlands. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. North Sea Port is the 60-kilometre-long cross-border port area that stretches from Vlissingen on the North Sea coast in the Netherlands, some 32 kilometres inland to Ghent in Belgium. Below Stavanger the coast is less precipitous, and there are fewer islands. Rivers that drains intil the North Sea Aboot 80 million fowk bide near the North Sea, at maist 150 km awa fae the coast. But the spread of the name could also be from the view of the cities of the Hanseatic League. Rivers that drain into it Most of the Marine Navigation App provides advanced features of a Marine Chartplotter adjusting! Salinities exceeding 35 parts per thousand enter the North Sea Canal runs from the continent on the European shelf... 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