The Vietcongs used cheap and effective booby traps to ambush the US troops, consequently the US troops lived in constant fear with them and this lowered their moral. There were images of children being hit by bombs and deadly defoliants such as Napalm. Nixon gave a speech in 1969 that urged members of the “silent majority” to express their support for him. The US troops lived in constant fear of them, and their morale were lowered. when elected President, he was the most popular American; "I like Ike!" Chapter 21: The Vietnam War Quiz Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. In 1965, the US enforced mass carpet- bombing, most notably known as "Operation Rolling Thunder", however it was a failure because the Vietcongs would simply hid underneath the intricate juggle paths of the Ho Chi Minh Trails. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy families. [6]. From 1964 he was Chairman of the 303 Committee, responsible for coordinating government covert operations. Answering press questions after addressing a Howard University audience on 2 March 1965, King asserted that the war in Vietnam was “accomplishing nothing” and called for a negotiated settlement (Schuette, “King Preaches on Non-Violence”). Vietnamese diplomat who negotiated with Henry Kissinger to end the war in Vietnam (1911-1990), a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia, a Communist nation, consisting of Russia and 14 other states, that existed from 1922 to 1991. This helped to win the majority in 41 of the lower 48 states. 13)Explain why the Vietcong was an effective fighting force. The longer the Vietnam War went on, the less popular it became. ". Mobile. button; elected to two consecutive terms in 1952 and 1956. This opposition would gradually grow into a full-blown counter-culture movement and help build larger opposition to the conflict. The Vietnam War was the first war ever published and the image of innocent children being injured and killed appalled the American audience back at home. The Vietnam War is a ten-part, 18-hour documentary film series directed by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick. Nixon's invasion of Cambodia. A CIA operative working in Saigon, was installed as an advisor to Diem. 10)Explain why the USA became involved in Vietnam up to and including 1965. Therefore, the Americans could not defeat the Vietcongs. Presidents view the resolution as unconstitutional. While the Tet Offensive proved to be a military victory for the US and ARVN, it was a political and media disaster. reignited student protests in 1970. Signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. Quizlet Learn. •Until 1954 the USA supported the French against the Vietminh with money and. The decrease in support for the decision to go to war has occurred despite a dramatically improved perception of how the effort in Iraq is going. Oh no! The failure of US military tactic was a significant factor for America's withdrawal from Vietnam because the US soldiers were demoralised to fight in the war. In 1968,Nixon was elected by the American public because he promised that he would end the war in Vietnam. Vietnam War was a Cold War military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from November 1, , to April 30, 1975 when Saigon fell. The US were unfamiliar with the environment in Vietnam, therefore they could not win against the Vietcongs. Leader was Ho Chi Minh. In 1967, at the request of U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, a team of analysts working for the Department of Defense prepared a highly classified study of the U.S. political and military involvement in Vietnam from the end of World War II until the present day.The official title of the study was the “Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force,” though it would later become famous as the Pentagon P… Hence, the Vietcongs were an effective fighting force because their guerrilla tactics were appropriate in the environment. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 7, 1964 in direct response to a minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. The bidding system is developed based on what is used in auctions, where a bid is the price participants offer for a good. One factor that influenced the failure of the United States in Vietnam was lack of public support. along with journalist, this Senator and chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, turned against the war and in January 1966 began to stage highly publicized and occasionally televised congressional hearings to air criticisms of it. 12)What military tactics did the Americans use in the Vietnam war? The American public's support of the Vietnam War decreased as the war continued on. 1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used guerrilla warfare to fight anti-communist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it un-winnable. The US used bombing campaigns (operation Rolling Thunder in 1965 in 1968 the US sustained the bombing campaigns. Moreover, the Vietcong used the Ho Chi Minh trails to supply food and equipments. Initially, the Vietnam War created a divide in American public opinion. In 1965, Americans were largely supportive. The Americans' military tactics were unsuccessful to defeat the Vietcong because their conventional tactics were inappropriate against the guerrilla tactics of the Vietcongs. media coverage is more significant factor in causing Americans to withdraw from Vietnam. an American adviser, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War. An The Vietnam era was marked by protests, not just about war, but also for social change. [10]. '63 Secretary of Defense, advised Johnson that he would have to increase the US military commitment to South Vietnam to prevent a communist victory, 1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment, The name of Ngo Dinh Nhu's secret political organization. The Gallup News Service began asking the American public whether it was a "mistake to send troops to Vietnam" in August 1965. Moreover, the US conventional tactics were inappropriate against the guerrilla tactics of the Vietcongs. In the South, an independent government was headed by Diem. The Vietnam was the first ever televised war with no censorship and it highlight the harsh reality of war to the American public at home. counterattack by the Vietcong and Viet Minh lead to a decrease in support for the Vietnam war. He played a crucial role in all of the major foreign policy and defense decisions of the Kennedy and part of the Johnson administration. 1)What involvement did America have in Vietnam between 1954 and 1962? As public support decreased, opposition grew. other events, which were during his terms was the building of theBerlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnamese war. This party was developed out of a nationalist movement in Indochina that was against France's colonization of the area, organization whose goal was to win Vietnam's independence from foreign rule. Public support began to erode as Americans started to question the handling of the conflict. There were image of innocent children being hit,injured and killed by US sustained bombing "Operation rolling thunder in 1965" and "Operation rolling phoenix in 1968", defoliants such as napalms. 1946-1954. was fought in French Indochina between French and Vietnamese. As the war in Vietnam progressed, however, and the military situation deteriorated, a few Democrats used the power of congressional investigation to force the administration into a contentious public debate. Some people argue that television coverage of the Vietnam War American public support for the war. It looks like your browser needs an update. a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state. Lt. Calley later maintained that he was following orders, but many of the soldiers present did not participate in the massacre. Nixon was elected by the American public because he promised that he would end the war in Vietnam. Exam 2: social psych-Chapter 5. Notably, the My Lai Massacre of 1968 killed approximately 500 innocent South Vietnamese civilians. Us senator, McCarthy popularized the term "Domino Theory" which stated that if Vietnam fall to communism, other neighboring countries in the Indochina peninsula, for example, Laos, Thailand, and Cambodia would also fall to communism, like a row of dominoes. There were nearly 500,000, 4) Explain why the war in Vietnam became increasingly unpopular in America. was one of Kennedy's "wise men". Help. President of the United States from 1969 to 1974 who followed a foreign policy marked by détente with the Soviet Union and by the opening of diplomatic relations with China. Known for role in involving U.S. in Vietnam War. During the Vietnam War, journalists _____. Eisenhower reigned over a period of unstable peace and prosperity. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States and other capitalist nations (Wikipedia). An FBI program begun in 1956 and continued until 1971 that sought to expose, disrupt, and discredit groups considered to be radical political organizations: Targeted antiwar groups during the Vietnam War. These included the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and, most controversially, the Vietnam War. French wanted out of Vietnam , the agreement signed by Ho Chi Minh France divided Vietnam on the 17th parallel, confining Minh's government to the North. Therefore, many Americans at home started turning against the war. Communist-dominated Nationalist Movement. In the face of likely impeachment for the Watergate scandal, he resigned. They did, 3)The main reason for American withdrawal from Vietnam was the Tet Offensive of, The cost of war was highlighted by 'The Tet Offensive. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 792 OBJ: 24.1.1 STA: 11.9.3.g TOP: Vietnam War NOT: 24.1.1—Learn about the events that led to the war between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. ... effort to garner public support by President Nixon. line of latitude that separated North and South Vietnam. Fully 64 percent believed that America was right to send troops to Vietnam and only 21 percent disagreed. 14)"Media coverage was more important than protest movements in causing America to withdraw from Vietnam". Modern Republicanism---didn't undo the New Deal of the Democrats. Flashcards. The Vietcong was an effective fighting force because they used cheap and effective tactics to fight against the American troops. How did the US' foreign policy relate to an increased presence in Vietnam? A law passed in 1973 in reaction to American fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia that requires presidents to consult with Congress whenever possible prior to using military force and to withdraw forces after 60 days unless Congress declares war or grants an extension. In 1965, the US enforced carpet bombing (Operation Rolling Thunder), however this had limited success as the Vietcongs hid and "melted away" to the intricate jungle tunnels (Ho Chi Minh Trails). A 7,000-page top-secret United States government report on the history of the internal planning and policy-making process within the government itself concerning the Vietnam War. During the third and fourth years of the conflict public opinion on this question was divided, while in the war’s first two years clear majorities backed the decision to use force in Iraq. eroded. Ruler who was unable to exercise any of his powers without the support of French regime. The United States had entered the conflict in Vietnam as a world’s superpower, a victor of the World War II against the Axis powers, with a “moral” cause of defending the world freedom and democracy against the Communists. Fifteen months into Lyndon Johnson's presidency, the country still knew little about the Vietnam War. 2)Explain why the Communists used guerrilla tactics in the Vietnam War. Hi Chi Minh's most trusted lieutenant, he led the Viet Minh in a victory over the French that concluded with the battle at Dien Bien Phu. The term referred to Americans who did not participate in anti-war demonstrations and who did not get involved in the public debate about the Vietnam War. Vietnam: The Television War The Vietnam war was the first to be televised. Became premier of independent vietnam: ngo din diem outmaneuvered bao dai. Notably, the My Lai Massacre of 1968 killed approximately 500 innocent South Vietnamese civilians. Undergrad at Yale. Diagrams. In their living rooms watching the evening news, Americans regularly saw film of airplanes flying, often dropping bombs, and troops on patrol, sometimes in combat. President during part of the cold war and especially during the superpower rivalry and the Cuban missile crisis. Consequently, the US Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which enabled the US to take any necessary measure to defend South Vietnam, and it led to the US committed to the war in Vietnam. It looks like your browser needs an update. Four years after President John F. Kennedy sent the first American troops into Vietnam, Martin Luther King issued his first public statement on the war. There were image of innocent children being hit,injured and killed by US sustained bombing "Operation rolling thunder in 1965" and "Operation rolling phoenix in 1968", defoliants such as napalms. Us used bombing campaigns Republicanism -- -did n't undo the New Deal of the of. 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