There is no soul and no-self. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. We then come to experience a profound change in attitude and perspective. Clearly, human beings cannot be reduced to parts but must be understood within the context of the whole. Alan Watts, the late British philosopher, proposed that there were two great myths of the self—myth here not used in the sense of something false, but rather as a way of interpreting oneself and one’s reality. Eastern Martial Arts. Western concept of self 94s an individualistic self that is deeply aware of itself, its uniqueness, sense of direction, purpose and volition (act of making choice). Comparison of Western and Eastern Concepts of Self Western Eastern Duality- you are distinct from other persons Other persons are part of your self Talk about their personal attributes Talk about their social roles Highlights personal achievements Keeps a low profile and avoid boastfulness Individualistic- focus on the person Collectivistic- group and social relations are more important … 128. “Conceptual self” (Neisser, 1997), “Relational Self” (Jordan, 1991), “Public and private selves” (Morin, 1998) have just been a few amongst the many terms offered in the explanation of the ways people perceive themselves and their world. Because the general orientation of Western psychology has been toward the observation, categorization, and alteration of observable behavior, this has led to a therapeutic attitude limited to the diagnosis and treatment of psychopathology. Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. Most Eastern psychologies, in contrast, concentrate on the exploration of the function and operation of the mind as well as methods to free the individual from suffering. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> You can edit this template and create your own diagram.Creately diagrams can be exported and added to Word, PPT (powerpoint), Excel, Visio or any other document. Buddha spoke about the emptiness of the form, in the sense that the form is the physical body, and the human being is just impermanence. Presents cross-cultural comparison of the Buddhist perspective with the Western perspective to reveal culturally based assumptions about the nature of the self. 57 0 obj Self-dedication to the goal (life vision, success, happiness, etc.) Can similarities be found in western philosophy with the eastern concept of self (no-self) in Buddhism? In the West, the ego (regardless of the various ways in which theorists define it) is seen as central to identity and personality. The true “Me” in every human being is a … Similarities between the concept of the self and the concept of emotion: There is no agreed upon definition of the self or for emotion. Perspective of Western and Eastern Theories of the Self EASTERN 1. In Eastern philosophy , though, the self is often treated as an illusion. The "Me" concept Eternal reality of the universal truth: self-liberation through getting rid of the false "Me" and discovering the true "Me" "Me" is here and now. Eastern philosophy or Asian philosophy includes the various philosophies that originated in East and South Asia including Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy (including Hindu philosophy, Jain philosophy, Buddhist philosophy, and Sikh philosophy), Japanese philosophy, Korean philosophy, and Vietnamese philosophy which are dominant in East, South and Southeast Asia. Since these thoughts and judgments are ever-changing, there exists no permanent structure that can be called the ego. <> And less practical practices that may be present in their eastern counterparts. °astern ±oncept of Self 94n the east philosophy and religion are twisted together. Similarities and differences in society. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj Eastern_and_Western_Concepts_of_Self - View presentation slides online. - 6237038 Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. Explain the concept of self as found in Asian thoughts; and 3. However, through the process of meditation and mindfulness, we are able to examine the inner workings of our mind and come to understand the nature of illusion and how it arises. In doing so, one might be able to shed light on one’s own views of the Self, and perhaps arrive at some ... Wolter: In Search of the Self: Eastern versus Western Perspectives Published by DigitalCommons@Kennesaw State University, 2012. The concept that love comes after marriage is also promoted by these marriages. 2 With notable exceptions (e.g. If you are interested in learning more about the community and academic programs at Saybrook University, fill out the form below to request more information. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj The self and emotion. H��Wmo�6��_��� 1"%�%���i��I��]1�à�J�ő�$�~�([Y[`��������s���(��������zt0��Bi1���y��,��l4��*��"�O'�e2�"ʕLc�����(�dYI"Ƌ R�\�\���A�i~��@�b� The western way is to have everything now, instant gratification. Although some Eastern conceptions of the self, most notably those derived from Hinduism, which center on the Vedic notion of the atman or soul, are similar to Western ideas of the self, Buddhist psychology provides a radically Buddhism, by contrast, recognized no substance and saw reality not in terms of things but in She traces the source of these differences to deeper differences in the fundamental structures of Asian and Western self-identity. 3 0 obj Eastern Self/Western Self By Linda Heuman May 08, ... We tend to assume that Asians experience self-identity in the same way we do—that they are the same equation, ... She traces the source of these differences to deeper differences in the fundamental structures of Asian and Western self … 2. endobj 2018-10-12T20:23:10-07:00 They’re not passive observers; they are active participants in life, selecting actions in harmony with nature. Not only does the evidence not support a dual, separate self that exists in isolation from other selves, materialist science has never been able to pin down a self. Eastern psychologies maintain that, as a result of social and self-conditioning, our ambitions, beliefs, desires, expectations, preconceptions, and views of the nature of reality are illusory. The article examines the Western ideas concerning how the self is constructed and how it relates to perception and experience. Christopher I. Beckwith has identified a translation of the Buddhist three marks of existence, in Pyrrho's teachings. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives Page, Richard C.; Berkow, Daniel N. 1991-04-01 00:00:00 Richard C. Page is a n associate professor in the Department oJCounseIing a n d Human Development Services at the University oJGeorgia. Western people rely mainly on reason and logic which are the more popular sources of knowledge. Since Eastern psychologies are inwardly focused, they may appear to be narcissistic or nihilistic. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. Similarities between the concept of the self and the concept of emotion: There is no agreed upon definition of the self or for emotion. endobj Self trying to look at the Self—like trying to perceive directly ones own eye. Eastern and Western religions also differ in the way people worship them. Jen is a second generation Chinese-American who speaks from her experiences navigating two distinct kinds of selves—an Asian identity shaped at home by her immigrant parents and a Western identity acquired outside the home growing up in Scarsdale, New York. Athens. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. uuid:0c6cbe0d-a9d4-11b2-0a00-10b5a2d6ff7f The writings put emphasis on the fact that eastern and western similarities are largely similar. endobj <> Moreover, public displays of affection are often frowned upon in Eastern countries. Daniel N. Berkow is a doctoral student in the counseling psychology program. Prince 9.0 rev 5 (www.princexml.com) Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. In contrast, the Western civilization is more individualistic, trying to find the meaning of life here and now with self at the center as it is already given and part of the divine. Eastern philosophy also thrives on … The west wants it … Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. Western perspectives about self are inherently dualistic. Since we think and act in accordance with these illusions, we invariably suffer (i.e., experience disappointment, frustration, and pain). endobj From Eastern perspectives, however, the ego is a social fiction. Suggests that alternative definitions of the self from outside of Western culture may assist in the ongoing development of future models of the person within Western psychology. The self-concept is a knowledge representation that contains knowledge about us, including our beliefs about our personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles, as well as the knowledge that we exist as individuals. “Life ceases to be problematic when it is understood that the ego is a social fiction.” — Alan Watts. Western Ethics, on the other hand, has more of an emphasis on self and what is rationally or logically true. However, both philosophies have the goal of finding out the meaning and purpose in the life and path of an individual One of … There is rather an awareness attaching itself to passing thoughts, judgments, and so on, erroneously assumed to represent the ego. 17 0 obj We value personal achievements over group efforts. 2018-10-12T20:23:10-07:00 In analyzing a mythological work, a proper understanding of the nature of the self and its relation to the Cosmos is essential. It does not easily leave the home when it is underage. Eastern culture has a circular view of the universe that is based upon the perception of eternal recurrence whereas Western culture has a linear view of the universe that is based on the Christian philosophy that everything has a beginning and an end. <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 3 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Type/Page>> Eastern Religions Have A Different Perspective Because of its different perspective, Eastern religious thought has always fascinated, and often confused, the Western mind. For Western psychology, according to Alan Watts, “The psychotherapist has, for the most part, been interested in changing the consciousness of…disturbed individuals. They will usually claim that the West is rational, scientific, and individualist whereas the East is more irrational, spontaneous, and collectivist. Western martial arts generally have no room for ritual. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and … The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. Eastern culture bel… Eastern perspectives about self are inherently non-dualistic. Jen argues that it is difficult to say whether eastern religions created the region’s cultural viewpoints, or if it was the other way around. endobj A compilation of readings and activities Part V: Western/Eastern Thought THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHT Introduction In the past 30 years, the study of cross-cultural difference across various behaviors and personality traits have gained interest, numerous researches had been conducted to … Every time you fail to feed the needs and desires of your fictional self (which comes from the standards created by you, your loved ones, or your reputation), you suffer. 10 0 obj In Buddhism the no-self is called anatman. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. 2 0 obj endobj Since we think and act in accordance with these illusions, we invariably suffer … The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. AND EASTERNTHOUGHT LESSON OBJECTIVES. endobj Western concept of self 94s an individualistic self that is deeply aware of itself, its uniqueness, sense of direction, purpose and volition(act of making choice). In the east there seems to be a greater respect for the amount of time it takes to truly learn a martial art. Self-concept tends to be more malleable when people are younger and still going through the process of self-discovery and identity formation. 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